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Farklı su sıcaklıklarındaki pullu sazan (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758)’ da polenin antioksidan etkisinin araştırılması

Year 2023, Volume: 40 Issue: 1, 69 - 76, 15.03.2023
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.40.1.10

Abstract

Bu çalışmada farklı su sıcaklıklarında yemlerine polen ilave edilmiş pullu sazanda bazı immunolojik ve antioksidan parametrelerdeki değişimlerin araştırılması amaçlandı. Balıklar su sıcaklığı 18 oC, 23 oC ve 28 oC’ ye ayarlanmış akvaryumlara stoklandı. Balıklara % 2,5 oranında polen içeren yemler 14 gün süreyle verildi. Balıklardan alınan kan ve doku örneklerinde immunolojik ve oksidan/antioksidan parametreler analiz edildi.
Kontrol grubu (23 ºC) ile kıyaslandığında, 18 ºC' deki grubun NBT aktivitesinde istatistiksel olarak önemli bir artış belirlendi. 28 ºC' deki grubun NBT aktivitesinde belirlenen azalma istatistiksel olarak önemsiz bulundu. 18 ºC' deki grubun total protein ve total immunoglobulin düzeyleri azalırken, 28 ºC' deki grupta her iki parametre için belirlenen artış önemsiz bulundu. Kontrol grubu (23 ºC)' na kıyasla 18 ºC ve 28 ºC sıcaklıkta tutulan ve polen uygulanan grupların NBT aktivitesi ile total protein ve total immunoglobulin düzeylerinin kontrol grubundan istatistiksel olarak önemli herhangi bir farklılık göstermediği belirlendi. Kontrol grubu (23 ºC)' na kıyasla, 18 ºC ve 28 ºC' deki grupların doku MDA düzeyleri arttı. Sıcaklıktaki değişimle eşzamanlı olarak polen uygulanan grupların MDA düzeyleri 18 ºC ve 28 ºC' deki gruplardan daha düşüktü. Kontrol grubu (23 ºC) ile kıyaslandığında, 18 ºC ve 28 ºC' deki grupların doku GSH düzeyleri ve GST aktiviteleri azaldı. Sıcaklıktaki değişimle eşzamanlı olarak polen uygulanan gruplarda GSH düzeyleri ve GST aktiviteleri 18 ºC ve 28 ºC' deki gruplardan daha yüksekti. Sonuç olarak balıklarda sıcaklık farklılıklarından kaynaklanan stres polenle önlenebilir.

Supporting Institution

Fırat Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri (FÜBAP) Yönetim Birimi

Thanks

BBu çalışma; Yüksek Mühendis Merve TAŞKAN' ın yüksek lisans tezinden özetlenmiş ve Fırat Üniversitesi Bilimsel Araştırma Projeleri (FÜBAP) Yönetim Birimi tarafından SÜF.16.07. nolu proje olarak desteklenmiştir. Polen örneklerinin palinolojik olarak identifikasyonu için Erciyes Üniversitesi Seyrani Ziraat Fakültesi' nden Prof. Dr. Sibel SİLİCİ’ ye teşekkür ederiz.

References

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Investigation of antioxidant effect of pollen in scaly carp (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758) in different water temperature

Year 2023, Volume: 40 Issue: 1, 69 - 76, 15.03.2023
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.40.1.10

Abstract

In this study, it was aimed to investigate changes in some immunological and antioxidant parameters in scaly carp (Cyprinus carpio) added pollen to their feed in different water temperatures. Fish were stocked to glass aquariums adjusted to 18 °C, 23 °C and 28 °C water temperature. Fish were given diets containing % 2,5 pollen for 14 days. Blood and tissue samples were analysed to determine the immunological parameters and oxidant/antioxidant status.
When compared to the control group (23 ºC), a statistically significant increase in the NBT activity of the groups at 18 ºC was observed. Decrease in the NBT activity of the group at 28 º C was statistically insignificant. The total protein and total immunoglobulin levels of the group at 18 º C were decreased, while increase in both parameters at 28 º C was not significant. When compared to the control group (23 ºC), the NBT activity, the total protein and total immunoglobulin levels in the groups that maintained at the same temperature with the control group (23 º C) and applied pollen did not show any statistically significant difference. The tissue MDA levels were increased in the groups at 18 °C and 28 °C when compared to the control group (23 º C). The tissue MDA levels of the groups treated pollen simultaneously with the change in temperature were lower than the groups at 18 °C and 28 °C. The tissue GSH levels and GST activities were decreased in the groups at 18 °C and 28 °C when compared to the control group (23 º C). The tissue GSH levels and GST activities of the groups treated pollen simultaneously with the change in temperature were higher than the groups at 18 °C and 28 °C. In conclusion, stress caused by temperature differences in fish may be prevented by pollen.

References

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  • Alfonso, S., Gesto, M., & Sadoul, B. (2020). Temperature increase and its effects on fish stress physiology in the context of global warming. Journal of Fish Biology, 98, 1496-1508. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfb.14599
  • Arda, M., Seçer, S., & Sarıeyyüpoğlu, M. (2017). Fish Diseases. (Balık Hastalıkları). Ankara: Medisan Yayınevi (in Turkish).
  • Belló, A.R.R., Fortes, E., Belló-Klein, A., Belló, A.A., Llesuy, S.F., Robaldo, R.B., & Bianchini, A. (2000). Lipid Peroksidataion induced by Clinostomum detruncatum in muscle of the freshwater fish Rhamdia quelen. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 42, 233-236. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao042233
  • Bragadottir, M. 2001. Endogenous antioxidants in fish. The Degree of Master of Science in food science, Department of Food Science, University of Iceland.
  • Buchtíková, S., Šimková, A., Rohlenová, K., Flajšhans, M., Lojek, A., Lilius, E.M., & Hyršl, P. (2011). The seasonal changes in innate immunity of the common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Aquaculture, 318, 169-175. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2011.05.013
  • Çankaya, N., & Korkmaz, A. (2008). Pollen. (Polen). Samsun: Samsun İl Tarım Müdürlüğü Çiftçi Eğitimi ve Yayım Şubesi Yayını (in Turkish)
  • Çelikkale, M.S. (1994). Freshwater Fish Culture. (İç Su Balıkları Yetiştiriciliği). Trabzon: Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi Yayınları, (in Turkish).
  • Darson, M. (1981). Role and characterization of fish antibody. Developmental Biological Standardisation, 49, 307-319.
  • Dastan, S.D., Gulhan, M.F., Selamoglu, Z., & Dastan, T. (2017). The determination of different effective concentration of ethanolic extract of bee pollen on biochemical analysis in liver, spleen and heart tissues of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum, 1792). Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 16(1), 326-340.
  • Diker, S. (1998). Immunology. (İmmunoloji). Ankara: Medisan Yayınevi.
  • Dittmar, J., Janssen, H., Kuske, A., Kurtz, J., & Scharsack, J.P. (2014). Heat and immunity: an experimental heat wave alters immune functions in three-spined sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus). Journal of Animal Ecology, 83, 744-757. https://doi.org/10.1111/1365-2656.12175
  • El-Asely, A.M., Abbass, A.A., & Austin, B. (2014). Honey bee pollen improves growth, immunity and protection of Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) against infection with Aeromonas hydrophila. Fish and Shellfish Immunology, 40, 500-506. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fsi.2014.07.017
  • Ellman, G.L. (1959). Tissue sulphydryl groups. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 82, 70-77. https://doi.org/10.1016/0003-9861(59)90090-6
  • Eraslan, G., Kanbur, M., & Silici, S., 2009. Effect of carbaryl on some biochemical changes in rats: The ameliorative effect of bee pollen, Food and Chemical Toxicology, 47, 86-91. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2008.10.013
  • Ferreira, D., Unfer, T.C., Rocha, H.C., Kreutz, L.C., Gessi Koakoski, G., & Barcellos, L.J.G. (2012). Antioxidant activity of bee products added to water in tebuconazole-exposed fish. Neotropical Ichthyology, 10(1), 215-220. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-62252012000100021
  • Habig, W.H., Pabst, M.J., & Jakoby, W.B. (1974). Glutathione S-transferases. The first enzymatic step in mercapturic acid formation. The Journal of Biological Chemistry, 249 (22), 7130-7139.
  • Hamed, R.R., Farid, N.M., Elowa, S.H.E., & Abdalla, A.M. (2003). Glutathione related enzyme levels of freshwater fish as bioindicators of pollution. The Environmentalist, 23, 313–322. https://doi.org/10.1023/B:ENVR.0000031409.09024.cc
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Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Zoology
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Merve TAŞKAN 0000-0002-5105-7010

M. Enis YONAR 0000-0001-9519-4247

Project Number SÜF.16.07
Publication Date March 15, 2023
Submission Date May 16, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2023Volume: 40 Issue: 1

Cite

APA TAŞKAN, M., & YONAR, M. E. (2023). Farklı su sıcaklıklarındaki pullu sazan (Cyprinus carpio Linnaeus, 1758)’ da polenin antioksidan etkisinin araştırılması. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 40(1), 69-76. https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.40.1.10