Research Article
BibTex RIS Cite

Hayalet yengeç Ocypode cursor (Linnaeus, 1758) yuvalarının insan etkileri altında morfolojik değişimleri

Year 2022, Volume: 39 Issue: 2, 145 - 150, 15.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.39.2.08

Abstract



Hayalet yengeçler, kumsallarda insan etkilerinin tespiti için sıklıkla kullanılan biyoindikatör türlerdendir. Hayalet yengeçler, insan etkileri altında popülasyon dinamiklerinde yuvalama davranışlarında değişiklikler gösterirler, fakat bu değişikliklerin nasıl ve ne şekilde oldukları Türkiye’nin Akdeniz kıyılarında yeterince bilinmemektedir. Bu nedenle, insan baskısı açısından fark gösteren iki farklı alanda Ocypode cursor’ın yuva morfolojileri incelenmiştir. Çalışma neticesinde insan etkilerinin yoğun olduğu bölgelerde yaşayan yengeçlerin, düşük insan etkileri altında yaşayan yengeçlere kıyasla daha küçük, daha dik ve daha basit yuvalar oluşturdukları ortaya çıkmıştır. Bununla birlikte, çalışma alanları arasında yengeç yuvalarının derinliği ve hazneye sahip olma sıklıkları açısından bir fark görülmemiştir. Ek olarak, her iki çalışma bölgesinde de büyük yengeçlerin kumsalın suya daha uzak üst bölgelerine, küçük yengeçlerin ise denize yakın bölgelerine yuvaladıkları ve bu tabakalaşmanın O. cursor için genel bir davranış olduğu anlaşılmıştır. Çalışma neticesinde, O. cursor’ın insan etkileri altındayken popülasyon dinamiklerinin yanı sıra yuva morfolojilerinde ve özelliklerinde de değişiklikler yaptıkları ve hayalet yengeçleri insan etkilerinin tespiti için kullanacak olan çalışmaların bu yuva özelliklerini de göz önüne almaları gerektiği sonucuna ulaşılmıştır.



Thanks

Arazi çalışması sırasındaki yardımlarından Esra Erdil Gül’e teşekkürlerimi sunarım.

References

  • Anadolu Ajansı (2021, Haziran). Kısıtlama sınırlamalarının kaldırılması haberi, Mayıs 2020 [Basin bülteni]. Erişim adresi https://www.aa.com.tr/tr/turkiye/cumhurbaskani-erdogan-sehirlerarasi-seyahat-sinirlamasi-1-hazirandan-itibaren-tamamiyla-kaldirilmistir/1856552
  • Bal, M., Yapan, B. Ç., & Özkan, K. (2021). The response of Tufted Ghost Crab, Ocypode cursor, populations to recreational activities in an urbanized coast with small-scale protected zones. Zoology in the Middle East, 67(1), 32- 41. DOI: 10.1080/09397140.2021.1877383
  • Carignan, V., & Villard, M.A. (2002). Selecting indicator species to monitor ecological integrity: A review. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 78(1), 45–61.
  • Chan, B.K.K., Chan, K.K.Y., & Leung, P.C.M. (2006). Burrow architecture of ghost crab Ocypode ceratophthalma on a sandy shore in Hong Kong. Hydrobiologia, 560(1), 43- 49. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-005-1088-2
  • Costa, L.L., Soares-Gomes, A., & Zalmon, I.R. (2021). Burrow occupation rates and spatial distribution within habitat of the ghost crab Ocypode quadrata (Fabricius, 1787): Implications for impact assessments. Regional Studies in Marine Science, 44, 101699. DOI:10.1016/j.rsma.2021.101699
  • Fisher, J.B., & Tevesz, M.J.S. (1979). Within-habitat spatial patterns of Ocypode quadrata (Fabricius) (Decapoda, Brachyura). Crustaceana, 5S, 31–36.
  • Gül, M.R., & Griffen, B.D. (2018). Impacts of human disturbance on ghost crab burrow morphology and distribution on sandy shores. Plos One, 13(12), e0209977. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0209977
  • Gül, M.R., & Griffen, B.D. (2019a). Burrowing behavior and burrowing energetics of a bioindicator under human disturbance. Ecology and Evolution, 9(24), 14205-14216. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.5853
  • Gül, M.R., & Griffen, B.D. (2019b). Combined impacts of natural and anthropogenic disturbances on the bioindicator Ocypode quadrata (Fabricius, 1787). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 519, 151185. DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2019.151185
  • Gül, M.R., & Griffen, B.D. (2020a). Changes in claw morphology of a bioindicator species across habitats that differ in human disturbance. Hydrobiologia, 847(14), 3025- 3037. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-020-04308-9
  • Gül, M.R., & Griffen, B.D. (2020b). Diet, energy storage, and reproductive condition in a bioindicator species across beaches with different levels of human disturbance. Ecological Indicators, 117, 106636. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2020.106636
  • Hartnoll, R.G. (1969). Mating in the Brachyura. Crustaceana, 16(2), 161–181.
  • Lucrezi, S., & Schlacher, T.A. (2014). The ecology of ghost crabs- a review. Oceanography and Marine Biology- Annual Review, 52:201- 256.
  • Morrow, K., Bell, S.S., & Tewfik, A. (2014). Variation in ghost crab trophic links on sandy beaches. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 502, 197- 206. DOI: 10.3354/meps10728
  • Packard, G.C., & Boardman, T.J. (1999). The use of percentages and size-specific indices to normalize physiological data for variation in body size: wasted time, wasted effort? Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 122, 37- 44. DOI: 10.1016/S1095-6433(98)10170-8
  • Pombo, M., & Turra, A. (2019). The burrow resetting method, an easy and effective approach to improve indirect ghost-crab population assessments. Ecological Indicators, 104, 422- 428. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.05.010
  • Sakai, K., & Türkay, M. (2013). Revision of the genus Ocypode with the description of a new genus, Hoplocypode (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 56(2),665–793.
  • Schlacher, T.A., Lucrezi, S., Connolly, R.M., Peterson, C.H., Gilby, B.L., Maslo, B., Olds, A.D., Walker, S.J., Leon, J.X., Huijbers, C.M., Weston, M.A., Turra, A., Hyndes, G.A., Holt, R.A., & Schoeman, D.S. (2016). Human threats to sandy beaches: A meta-analysis of ghost crabs illustrates global anthropogenic impacts. Estuarine, Coastal, and Shelf Science, 169, 56- 73. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2015.11.025
  • Schlacher, T.A., & Lucrezi, S. (2010). Experimental evidence that vehicle traffic changes burrow architecture and reduces population density of ghost crabs on sandy beaches. Vie Milieu- Life Environ, 60, 313–320.
  • Siddig, A.A.H., Ellison, A.M., Ochs, A., Villar-Leeman, C., & Lau, M.K. (2016). How do ecologists select and use indicator species to monitor ecological change? Insights from 14 years of publication in ecological indicators. Ecological Indicators, 60, 223–230. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.06.036
  • Solomon, M., Jaarsveld, A.S.V., Biggs, H.C., & Knight. N.H. (2003). Conservation targets for viable species assemblages? Biodiversity and Conservation, 12, 2435–2441. Spellerberg, I. (2005). Monitoring ecological change (2nd ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Strachan, P.H., Smith, R.C., Hamilton, D.A.B., Taylor, A.C., & Atkinson, R.J.A. (1999). Studies on the ecology and behaviour of the ghost crab, Ocypode cursor (L.) in northern Cyprus. Scientia Marina, 63, 51–60.
  • Tewfik, A., Bell, S.S., McCann, K.S., & Morrow, K. (2016). Predator diet and trophic position modified with altered habitat morphology. PLoS ONE, 11(1), e0147759. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0147759
  • Tiralongo, F., Messina, G., Marino, S., Bellomo, S., Vanadia, A., Borzì, L., Tibullo, D., Di Stefano, A., & Lombardo, B. M. (2020). Abundance, distribution and ecology of the tufted ghost crab Ocypode cursor (Linnaeus, 1758) (Crustacea: Ocypodidae) from a recently colonized urban sandy beach, and new records from Sicily (central Mediterranean Sea). Journal of Sea Research, 156, 101832. DOI:10.1016/j.seares.2019.101832
  • Türeli, C., Duysak, Ö., Akamca, E., & Kiyagi, V. (2009). Spatial distribution and activity pattern of the ghost crab, Ocypode cursor (L., 1758) in Yumurtalik Bay, North-Eastern Mediterranean-Turkey. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 8(1), 165- 171.
  • Wolcott, T.G. (1976). Uptake of soil capillary water by ghost crabs. Nature, 264, 756–757.

Variation in burrow morphology of ghost crab Ocypode cursor (Linnaeus, 1758) under human influence

Year 2022, Volume: 39 Issue: 2, 145 - 150, 15.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.39.2.08

Abstract



Ghost crabs are common bioindicator species for human disturbance on sandy shores. Ghost crabs often alter their population dynamics under human disturbance. Ghost crabs, further, alter their burrowing behavior under human influence, however, these changes are not well known on the Turkish coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Therefore, burrowing morphology of Ocypode cursor at two sites that differ in the degree of human disturbance was compared. Ghost crabs created smaller, steeper and simpler burrows at the site under higher human disturbance compared to the crabs living at the sites with lower human influence. Further, there was no difference in the ghost crab burrow depth and the frequency of existence of chambers between sites. Moreover, the results of this study revealed that larger crabs preferred higher parts of the beach at both sites, suggesting that this is common behavior for the populations of O. cursor. Consequently, the results of this study emphasized that O. cursor alter their burrowing morphology and characteristics under human disturbance besides their population demographics; suggesting that studies that focus on the use of ghost crabs for human disturbance should include burrow morphology in their assessments.


References

  • Anadolu Ajansı (2021, Haziran). Kısıtlama sınırlamalarının kaldırılması haberi, Mayıs 2020 [Basin bülteni]. Erişim adresi https://www.aa.com.tr/tr/turkiye/cumhurbaskani-erdogan-sehirlerarasi-seyahat-sinirlamasi-1-hazirandan-itibaren-tamamiyla-kaldirilmistir/1856552
  • Bal, M., Yapan, B. Ç., & Özkan, K. (2021). The response of Tufted Ghost Crab, Ocypode cursor, populations to recreational activities in an urbanized coast with small-scale protected zones. Zoology in the Middle East, 67(1), 32- 41. DOI: 10.1080/09397140.2021.1877383
  • Carignan, V., & Villard, M.A. (2002). Selecting indicator species to monitor ecological integrity: A review. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 78(1), 45–61.
  • Chan, B.K.K., Chan, K.K.Y., & Leung, P.C.M. (2006). Burrow architecture of ghost crab Ocypode ceratophthalma on a sandy shore in Hong Kong. Hydrobiologia, 560(1), 43- 49. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-005-1088-2
  • Costa, L.L., Soares-Gomes, A., & Zalmon, I.R. (2021). Burrow occupation rates and spatial distribution within habitat of the ghost crab Ocypode quadrata (Fabricius, 1787): Implications for impact assessments. Regional Studies in Marine Science, 44, 101699. DOI:10.1016/j.rsma.2021.101699
  • Fisher, J.B., & Tevesz, M.J.S. (1979). Within-habitat spatial patterns of Ocypode quadrata (Fabricius) (Decapoda, Brachyura). Crustaceana, 5S, 31–36.
  • Gül, M.R., & Griffen, B.D. (2018). Impacts of human disturbance on ghost crab burrow morphology and distribution on sandy shores. Plos One, 13(12), e0209977. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0209977
  • Gül, M.R., & Griffen, B.D. (2019a). Burrowing behavior and burrowing energetics of a bioindicator under human disturbance. Ecology and Evolution, 9(24), 14205-14216. DOI: 10.1002/ece3.5853
  • Gül, M.R., & Griffen, B.D. (2019b). Combined impacts of natural and anthropogenic disturbances on the bioindicator Ocypode quadrata (Fabricius, 1787). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 519, 151185. DOI: 10.1016/j.jembe.2019.151185
  • Gül, M.R., & Griffen, B.D. (2020a). Changes in claw morphology of a bioindicator species across habitats that differ in human disturbance. Hydrobiologia, 847(14), 3025- 3037. DOI: 10.1007/s10750-020-04308-9
  • Gül, M.R., & Griffen, B.D. (2020b). Diet, energy storage, and reproductive condition in a bioindicator species across beaches with different levels of human disturbance. Ecological Indicators, 117, 106636. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2020.106636
  • Hartnoll, R.G. (1969). Mating in the Brachyura. Crustaceana, 16(2), 161–181.
  • Lucrezi, S., & Schlacher, T.A. (2014). The ecology of ghost crabs- a review. Oceanography and Marine Biology- Annual Review, 52:201- 256.
  • Morrow, K., Bell, S.S., & Tewfik, A. (2014). Variation in ghost crab trophic links on sandy beaches. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 502, 197- 206. DOI: 10.3354/meps10728
  • Packard, G.C., & Boardman, T.J. (1999). The use of percentages and size-specific indices to normalize physiological data for variation in body size: wasted time, wasted effort? Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology Part A: Molecular & Integrative Physiology, 122, 37- 44. DOI: 10.1016/S1095-6433(98)10170-8
  • Pombo, M., & Turra, A. (2019). The burrow resetting method, an easy and effective approach to improve indirect ghost-crab population assessments. Ecological Indicators, 104, 422- 428. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.05.010
  • Sakai, K., & Türkay, M. (2013). Revision of the genus Ocypode with the description of a new genus, Hoplocypode (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum, 56(2),665–793.
  • Schlacher, T.A., Lucrezi, S., Connolly, R.M., Peterson, C.H., Gilby, B.L., Maslo, B., Olds, A.D., Walker, S.J., Leon, J.X., Huijbers, C.M., Weston, M.A., Turra, A., Hyndes, G.A., Holt, R.A., & Schoeman, D.S. (2016). Human threats to sandy beaches: A meta-analysis of ghost crabs illustrates global anthropogenic impacts. Estuarine, Coastal, and Shelf Science, 169, 56- 73. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecss.2015.11.025
  • Schlacher, T.A., & Lucrezi, S. (2010). Experimental evidence that vehicle traffic changes burrow architecture and reduces population density of ghost crabs on sandy beaches. Vie Milieu- Life Environ, 60, 313–320.
  • Siddig, A.A.H., Ellison, A.M., Ochs, A., Villar-Leeman, C., & Lau, M.K. (2016). How do ecologists select and use indicator species to monitor ecological change? Insights from 14 years of publication in ecological indicators. Ecological Indicators, 60, 223–230. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2015.06.036
  • Solomon, M., Jaarsveld, A.S.V., Biggs, H.C., & Knight. N.H. (2003). Conservation targets for viable species assemblages? Biodiversity and Conservation, 12, 2435–2441. Spellerberg, I. (2005). Monitoring ecological change (2nd ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
  • Strachan, P.H., Smith, R.C., Hamilton, D.A.B., Taylor, A.C., & Atkinson, R.J.A. (1999). Studies on the ecology and behaviour of the ghost crab, Ocypode cursor (L.) in northern Cyprus. Scientia Marina, 63, 51–60.
  • Tewfik, A., Bell, S.S., McCann, K.S., & Morrow, K. (2016). Predator diet and trophic position modified with altered habitat morphology. PLoS ONE, 11(1), e0147759. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0147759
  • Tiralongo, F., Messina, G., Marino, S., Bellomo, S., Vanadia, A., Borzì, L., Tibullo, D., Di Stefano, A., & Lombardo, B. M. (2020). Abundance, distribution and ecology of the tufted ghost crab Ocypode cursor (Linnaeus, 1758) (Crustacea: Ocypodidae) from a recently colonized urban sandy beach, and new records from Sicily (central Mediterranean Sea). Journal of Sea Research, 156, 101832. DOI:10.1016/j.seares.2019.101832
  • Türeli, C., Duysak, Ö., Akamca, E., & Kiyagi, V. (2009). Spatial distribution and activity pattern of the ghost crab, Ocypode cursor (L., 1758) in Yumurtalik Bay, North-Eastern Mediterranean-Turkey. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances, 8(1), 165- 171.
  • Wolcott, T.G. (1976). Uptake of soil capillary water by ghost crabs. Nature, 264, 756–757.

Details

Primary Language Turkish
Subjects Ecology, Hydrobiology
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Mustafa GÜL 0000-0002-2864-273X

Publication Date June 15, 2022
Submission Date April 6, 2021
Published in Issue Year 2022Volume: 39 Issue: 2

Cite

APA GÜL, M. (2022). Hayalet yengeç Ocypode cursor (Linnaeus, 1758) yuvalarının insan etkileri altında morfolojik değişimleri. Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 39(2), 145-150. https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.39.2.08