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Age, growth, and maturity of false scad Caranx rhonchus in the Central Aegean Sea (Teleostei: Carangidae)

Year 2022, Volume: 39 Issue: 2, 104 - 110, 15.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.39.2.03

Abstract



This study investigates the age, growth and maturity of false scad (Caranx rhonchus Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817) in the İzmir Bay, the Central Aegean Sea. The total length of 392 fish varied between 12.8-36.0 cm and their weights were measured as 23.51-455.44 g. Sex ratio was 1:0.8 (F:M). Sagittal otoliths were used for age determination. Fish were between I-V age groups in the bay. The length-weight relationships were calculated as W= 0.0145*L2.8911 for females; W=0.0168*L2.8425 for males, and W= 0.0132*L2.9259 for all fish. The von Bertalanffy growth parameters were found as L= 40.86 cm, K= 0.2181 years-1, to= -1.0584 years for females; L= 39.54 cm, K= 0.2156 years-1, to= -0.963 years for males; and L= 41.12 cm, K=0.2061 years-1, to= -1.0548 years for all fish, respectively. The growth performance index values (Φ) were 2.532 for females, 2.555 for males, and 2.542 for all fish. The length at first maturity was calculated as 18.53 cm for females, and 18.95 cm for males.


Supporting Institution

Ege University Scientific Research Project

Thanks

The present study was supported by Ege University Scientific Research Project Coordination for MSc thesis of the corresponding author (Project No: 18-SÜF-010).

References

  • Bagenal, T. (1978). Methods for Assessment of Fish Production in Fresh Waters. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Oxford.
  • Bektas, Y., & Belduz, A.O. (2009). PCR-based identification and discrimination of Caranx rhonchus (Pisces, Carangidae) based on nuclear and mtDNA sequences. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 8(3), 518-525.
  • Ben Salem, M., & Ktari, M.H. (1980). Présentation des espéces du genre Trachurus (Rafinesque, 1810) et Caranx (Lacepèede, 1801) (Poissons, Téléostéens, Carangidae) des côtes tunisiennes: morphologie et Biologie. (in French with English abstract). Bulletin de l'Institut National Scientifique et Technique d'Océanographie et de Pêche de Salammbô, Tunisia. 4(1), 155-168.
  • Ben Salem, M., & Ktari, M.H. (1994). Sexualité et reproduction des espéces du genre Trachurus, Rafinesque, 1810, des côtes tunisiennes (Poissons Téléeostéens Carangidae). (in French with English abstract). Bulletin de l'Institut National Scientifique et Technique d'Océanographie et de Pêche de Salammbô, Tunisia. 21, 88-103.
  • Bilecenoğlu, M., Kaya, M., Cihangir, B., & Çiçek, E. (2014). An updated checklist of the marine fishes of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology. 38, 901-929. DOI: 10.3906/zoo-1405-60
  • Boely, T., Wysokinski, A., & Elwertowski, J. (1973). Les chinchards des cotes sénégalaises et mauritaniennes. Biologie-déplacements-ressources. Documents Scientifiques. Centre de Recherches Oceanographiques de Dakar-Thiaroye, ORSTOM, (46): 47 p.
  • Camarena Luhrs, T. (1986). Les principales espéces de poissons pélagique côtiers au Sénégal: Biologie et évaluation des ressources. PhD thesis, University of Western Brittany. Brest, France, 187.
  • Chavance, P., Ba, I., & Krivospitchenko, S. (1991). Les petits poissons pélagiques côtiers de la Zone Économique Exclusive mauritanienne. Bulletin du Centre National de Recherches Océanographiques et des Pêche, Nouadhibou 23, 28–72.
  • D'Anna, G., Badalamenti, F., & Riggio, S. (1999). Traditional and experimental floating fish aggregating devices in the Gulf of Castellammare (NW Sicily): results from catches and visual observations. Scientia Marina. 63(3-4), 209-218. DOI: 10.3989/scimar.1999.63n3-4219
  • Do Chi, T. (1994). Groupe de travail ad hoc sur les Sardinelles et autres especes de petits pelagiques cotiers de la zone nord du copace (Eds.), Comıte Des Peches Pour L'atlantıque Centre-Est COPACE/PACE/Ser. No. 91/58. (pp 295) Rome, FAO.
  • Erzini, K. (1994). An empirical study of variability in length-at-age of marine fishes. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 10, 17-41.
  • Fischer, W., Bianchi, G., & Scott, W.B. (1980). Fiches F.A.O d’identification des espèces pour les besoins de la pêche. Atlantique Centre-Est Zones de pêche 34 et 47 (en partie). Publication préparé par la F.A.O et le Gouvernement canadien (Projet GCP/INT/180/CAN). 2 pp.
  • Fréon, P., Boely, T., & Stequert, B. (1979). Les Poissons Pelagiques Cotiers Au Senegal: Relations Taille/Poids Des Principales Especes D'interet Commercial. Project for Development of Fisheries in the Eastern Central Atlantic. F.A.O. CECAF/ECAF Series/78/10. Annex 13.
  • Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W.N., & Van der Laan, R. (2021). Eschmeyer's catalog of fıshes: genera, species, references.(http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp). Electronic version accessed 09.12.2021.
  • Holden, M.J., & Raitt, D.F.S. (1974). Manual of fisheries science. Part 2. Methods of recourse investigation and their application. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 115, Rev. 1: 214 p.
  • Karachle, P.K., & Stergiou, K.I. (2008). Length-length and length-weight relationships of several fish species from the North Aegean Sea (Greece). Journal of Biological Research, (Thessalon) 10, 149–157.
  • Ketata Khitouni, I., Abdelmouleh, A., Bouain, A., & Boudhrioua Mihoubi, N. (2010). Variations of the chemical compositions of five coastal catch fish species of the Gulf of Gabes (Tunisia). Cybium, 34(2), 175-183.
  • King, M. (2013). Fisheries biology, assessment and management, 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons. DOI: 10.1002/9781118688038
  • Kožul, V., & Antolović, N. (2013). Occurrence of the false scad, Caranx rhonchus Geoffroy Saint‐Hilaire, 1817 in the Adriatic Sea. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 29 (2), 449-450. DOI: 10.1111/jai.12086
  • Lawal, H.S., & Milnikov, N. (1988). Contribution à l’étude de la relation tailles-poids, de la reproduction et du sex-ratio des principales espèces pélagiques en Mauritanie. Rapports du groupe de travail CNROP-CRODT-ISRA sur les ressources pélagiques côtières (Mauritanie-Sénégal). Bulletin du Centre National de Recherches Océanographiques et des Pêche, Nouadhibou, 253 pp.
  • Maxim, C. (1995). Horse mackerel and false scad stock assessment, and catch projections, CECAF Divisions 34.1.3 and 34.3.1. Scientia Marina. 59 (3-4), 611-627.
  • Nikolsky, G.V., & Birkett, L. (1963). Ecology of Freshwater Fish (Vol. 352). London: Academic Press.
  • Olsen, E.M., Heino, M., Lilly, G.R., Morgan, M.J., Brattey, J., Ernande, B., & Dieckmann, U. (2004). Maturation trends indicative of rapid evolution preceded the collapse of northern cod. Nature 428: 932 – 935. DOI: 10.1038/nature02430
  • Ould Mohamed Abdallahi, K. (1999). Systématique et biologie of Caranx rhonchus (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817, Téléosténs; Carangidae) des côtes tunisiennes et mauritaniennes, PhD thesis, University of Tunis, Faculty of Science of Tunis, Tunisia, 206 pp.
  • Overko, S.M. (1979). Morpho-biological characteristics of Caranx rhonchus in the Eastern Central Atlantic. Project for Development of Fisheries in the Eastern Central Atlantic. F.A.O. CECAF/ECAF Series/78/10. Annex 14.
  • Pauly, D., & Munro, J.L. (1984). Once more on the comparison of growth in fish and invertebrates. ICLARM Fishbyte, 2(1), 1-21.
  • Petrakis, G., & Stergiou, K.I., (1995). Weight–length relationships for 33 fish species in Greek waters. Fish. Res. 21, 465–469.
  • Raya, V., & Sabatés, A. (2015). Diversity and distribution of early life stages of carangid fishes in the northwestern Mediterranean: responses to environmental drivers. Fisheries Oceanography. 24 (2), 118-134.DOI: 10.1111/fog.12097
  • Ricker, W.E. (1975). Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of fish populations. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada. 191, 1-382.
  • Santos, M.N., Gaspar, M.B., Vasconcelos, P., & Monteiro, C.C. (2002). Weight-length relationships for 50 selected fish species of the Algarve coast (Southern Portugal). Fisheries Research. 59(1-2), 289-295.DOI: 10.1016/S0165-7836(01)00401-5
  • Sley, A., Jarboui, O., Ghorbel, M., & Bouain, A. (2008). Diet composition and food habits of Caranx rhonchus (Carangidae) from the Gulf of Gabes (Central Mediterranean). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 88(4), 831-836. DOI: 10.1017/S0025315408001379
  • Sley, A., Jarboui, O., & Bouain, A. (2013). Comparative study between parameters of reproduction of two species of <Carangidae>: <Caranx crysos> and <Caranx rhonchus> of the gulf of Gabes. Bulletin de l'Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer, 40 (0330-0080), 15-25.
  • Sley, A., Hadj Taeib, A., Jarboui, O., Ghorbel, M., & Bouain, A. (2015). Annual reproductive cycle, spawning periodicity and sexual maturity of false scad Caranx rhonchus (Geoffroy Saint‐Hilaire, 1817) (Pisces, Carangidae) from the South‐Eastern Mediterranean (Gulf of Gabès, Tunisia). Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 31(3), 437-441. DOI: 10.1111/jai.12675
  • Sley, A., Jawad, L.A., Hajjej, G., Jarboui, O., & Bouain, A. (2016). Morphometric and meristic characters of blue runner Caranx crysos and false scad Caranx rhonchus (Pisces: Carangidae) from the Gulf of Gabes, Tunisia, Eastern Mediterranean. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 57, 309-316.
  • Sparre, P., Ursin, E., & Venema, S.C. (1989). Introduction to tropical fish stock assessment, Part 1, Manual, FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper, No:306.1 Roma, Fao, 337 p.
  • Tilves, U., Sabatés, A., Blázquez, M., Raya, V., & Fuentes, V.L. (2018). Associations between fish and jellyfish in the NW Mediterranean. Marine Biology, 165(8), 1-14. DOI: 10.1007/s00227-018-3381-4
  • Torres, M.A., Ramos, F., & Sobrino, I. (2012). Length-weight relationships of 76 fish species from the Gulf of Cadiz (SW Spain). Fisheries Research, 127-128, 171-175. DOI: 10.1016/j.fishres.2012.02.001

Orta Ege Denizi’nde kral balığı Caranx rhonchus’un yaş, büyüme ve eşeysel olgunluğu (Teleostei: Carangidae)

Year 2022, Volume: 39 Issue: 2, 104 - 110, 15.06.2022
https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.39.2.03

Abstract



Bu çalışmada, Orta Ege Denizi, İzmir Körfezi'ndeki kral balığı (Caranx rhonchus Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817)'nın yaş, büyüme ve eşeysel olgunluğu araştırılmıştır. 392 balığın total boyları 12,8-36,0 cm arasında değişmekte olup ağırlıkları 23,51-455,44 g olarak ölçülmüştür. Cinsiyet oranı (D:E) 1:0,8’dir. Yaş tayininde sagittal otolitler kullanılmıştır. Balıklar körfezde I-V yaş grupları arasında bulunmuştur. Boy-ağırlık ilişkisi sırasıyla, dişiler için W= 0,0145*L2,8911, erkekler için W= 0,0168*L2,8425 ve tüm balıklar için W=0,0132*L2,9259 olarak hesaplanmıştır. Von Bertalanffy büyüme parametreleri sırasıyla, dişiler için L=40,86 cm, K= 0,2181 yıl-1, to= -1,0584 yıl; erkekler için L= 39,54 cm, K= 0,2156 yıl-1, to=-0,963 yıl ve tüm balıklar için L= 41,12 cm, K= 0,2061 yıl-1, to=-1,0548 olarak bulunmuştur. Büyüme performans indeks değerleri (Φ) dişilerde 2,532, erkeklerde 2,555, ve tüm balıklarda 2,542’dir. İlk eşeysel olgunluk boyu dişilerde 18,53 cm ve erkeklerde 18,95 cm olarak hesaplanmıştır.



References

  • Bagenal, T. (1978). Methods for Assessment of Fish Production in Fresh Waters. Blackwell Scientific Publications. Oxford.
  • Bektas, Y., & Belduz, A.O. (2009). PCR-based identification and discrimination of Caranx rhonchus (Pisces, Carangidae) based on nuclear and mtDNA sequences. Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances. 8(3), 518-525.
  • Ben Salem, M., & Ktari, M.H. (1980). Présentation des espéces du genre Trachurus (Rafinesque, 1810) et Caranx (Lacepèede, 1801) (Poissons, Téléostéens, Carangidae) des côtes tunisiennes: morphologie et Biologie. (in French with English abstract). Bulletin de l'Institut National Scientifique et Technique d'Océanographie et de Pêche de Salammbô, Tunisia. 4(1), 155-168.
  • Ben Salem, M., & Ktari, M.H. (1994). Sexualité et reproduction des espéces du genre Trachurus, Rafinesque, 1810, des côtes tunisiennes (Poissons Téléeostéens Carangidae). (in French with English abstract). Bulletin de l'Institut National Scientifique et Technique d'Océanographie et de Pêche de Salammbô, Tunisia. 21, 88-103.
  • Bilecenoğlu, M., Kaya, M., Cihangir, B., & Çiçek, E. (2014). An updated checklist of the marine fishes of Turkey. Turkish Journal of Zoology. 38, 901-929. DOI: 10.3906/zoo-1405-60
  • Boely, T., Wysokinski, A., & Elwertowski, J. (1973). Les chinchards des cotes sénégalaises et mauritaniennes. Biologie-déplacements-ressources. Documents Scientifiques. Centre de Recherches Oceanographiques de Dakar-Thiaroye, ORSTOM, (46): 47 p.
  • Camarena Luhrs, T. (1986). Les principales espéces de poissons pélagique côtiers au Sénégal: Biologie et évaluation des ressources. PhD thesis, University of Western Brittany. Brest, France, 187.
  • Chavance, P., Ba, I., & Krivospitchenko, S. (1991). Les petits poissons pélagiques côtiers de la Zone Économique Exclusive mauritanienne. Bulletin du Centre National de Recherches Océanographiques et des Pêche, Nouadhibou 23, 28–72.
  • D'Anna, G., Badalamenti, F., & Riggio, S. (1999). Traditional and experimental floating fish aggregating devices in the Gulf of Castellammare (NW Sicily): results from catches and visual observations. Scientia Marina. 63(3-4), 209-218. DOI: 10.3989/scimar.1999.63n3-4219
  • Do Chi, T. (1994). Groupe de travail ad hoc sur les Sardinelles et autres especes de petits pelagiques cotiers de la zone nord du copace (Eds.), Comıte Des Peches Pour L'atlantıque Centre-Est COPACE/PACE/Ser. No. 91/58. (pp 295) Rome, FAO.
  • Erzini, K. (1994). An empirical study of variability in length-at-age of marine fishes. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 10, 17-41.
  • Fischer, W., Bianchi, G., & Scott, W.B. (1980). Fiches F.A.O d’identification des espèces pour les besoins de la pêche. Atlantique Centre-Est Zones de pêche 34 et 47 (en partie). Publication préparé par la F.A.O et le Gouvernement canadien (Projet GCP/INT/180/CAN). 2 pp.
  • Fréon, P., Boely, T., & Stequert, B. (1979). Les Poissons Pelagiques Cotiers Au Senegal: Relations Taille/Poids Des Principales Especes D'interet Commercial. Project for Development of Fisheries in the Eastern Central Atlantic. F.A.O. CECAF/ECAF Series/78/10. Annex 13.
  • Fricke, R., Eschmeyer, W.N., & Van der Laan, R. (2021). Eschmeyer's catalog of fıshes: genera, species, references.(http://researcharchive.calacademy.org/research/ichthyology/catalog/fishcatmain.asp). Electronic version accessed 09.12.2021.
  • Holden, M.J., & Raitt, D.F.S. (1974). Manual of fisheries science. Part 2. Methods of recourse investigation and their application. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper No. 115, Rev. 1: 214 p.
  • Karachle, P.K., & Stergiou, K.I. (2008). Length-length and length-weight relationships of several fish species from the North Aegean Sea (Greece). Journal of Biological Research, (Thessalon) 10, 149–157.
  • Ketata Khitouni, I., Abdelmouleh, A., Bouain, A., & Boudhrioua Mihoubi, N. (2010). Variations of the chemical compositions of five coastal catch fish species of the Gulf of Gabes (Tunisia). Cybium, 34(2), 175-183.
  • King, M. (2013). Fisheries biology, assessment and management, 2nd edition. John Wiley & Sons. DOI: 10.1002/9781118688038
  • Kožul, V., & Antolović, N. (2013). Occurrence of the false scad, Caranx rhonchus Geoffroy Saint‐Hilaire, 1817 in the Adriatic Sea. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 29 (2), 449-450. DOI: 10.1111/jai.12086
  • Lawal, H.S., & Milnikov, N. (1988). Contribution à l’étude de la relation tailles-poids, de la reproduction et du sex-ratio des principales espèces pélagiques en Mauritanie. Rapports du groupe de travail CNROP-CRODT-ISRA sur les ressources pélagiques côtières (Mauritanie-Sénégal). Bulletin du Centre National de Recherches Océanographiques et des Pêche, Nouadhibou, 253 pp.
  • Maxim, C. (1995). Horse mackerel and false scad stock assessment, and catch projections, CECAF Divisions 34.1.3 and 34.3.1. Scientia Marina. 59 (3-4), 611-627.
  • Nikolsky, G.V., & Birkett, L. (1963). Ecology of Freshwater Fish (Vol. 352). London: Academic Press.
  • Olsen, E.M., Heino, M., Lilly, G.R., Morgan, M.J., Brattey, J., Ernande, B., & Dieckmann, U. (2004). Maturation trends indicative of rapid evolution preceded the collapse of northern cod. Nature 428: 932 – 935. DOI: 10.1038/nature02430
  • Ould Mohamed Abdallahi, K. (1999). Systématique et biologie of Caranx rhonchus (Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1817, Téléosténs; Carangidae) des côtes tunisiennes et mauritaniennes, PhD thesis, University of Tunis, Faculty of Science of Tunis, Tunisia, 206 pp.
  • Overko, S.M. (1979). Morpho-biological characteristics of Caranx rhonchus in the Eastern Central Atlantic. Project for Development of Fisheries in the Eastern Central Atlantic. F.A.O. CECAF/ECAF Series/78/10. Annex 14.
  • Pauly, D., & Munro, J.L. (1984). Once more on the comparison of growth in fish and invertebrates. ICLARM Fishbyte, 2(1), 1-21.
  • Petrakis, G., & Stergiou, K.I., (1995). Weight–length relationships for 33 fish species in Greek waters. Fish. Res. 21, 465–469.
  • Raya, V., & Sabatés, A. (2015). Diversity and distribution of early life stages of carangid fishes in the northwestern Mediterranean: responses to environmental drivers. Fisheries Oceanography. 24 (2), 118-134.DOI: 10.1111/fog.12097
  • Ricker, W.E. (1975). Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of fish populations. Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada. 191, 1-382.
  • Santos, M.N., Gaspar, M.B., Vasconcelos, P., & Monteiro, C.C. (2002). Weight-length relationships for 50 selected fish species of the Algarve coast (Southern Portugal). Fisheries Research. 59(1-2), 289-295.DOI: 10.1016/S0165-7836(01)00401-5
  • Sley, A., Jarboui, O., Ghorbel, M., & Bouain, A. (2008). Diet composition and food habits of Caranx rhonchus (Carangidae) from the Gulf of Gabes (Central Mediterranean). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 88(4), 831-836. DOI: 10.1017/S0025315408001379
  • Sley, A., Jarboui, O., & Bouain, A. (2013). Comparative study between parameters of reproduction of two species of <Carangidae>: <Caranx crysos> and <Caranx rhonchus> of the gulf of Gabes. Bulletin de l'Institut National des Sciences et Technologies de la Mer, 40 (0330-0080), 15-25.
  • Sley, A., Hadj Taeib, A., Jarboui, O., Ghorbel, M., & Bouain, A. (2015). Annual reproductive cycle, spawning periodicity and sexual maturity of false scad Caranx rhonchus (Geoffroy Saint‐Hilaire, 1817) (Pisces, Carangidae) from the South‐Eastern Mediterranean (Gulf of Gabès, Tunisia). Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 31(3), 437-441. DOI: 10.1111/jai.12675
  • Sley, A., Jawad, L.A., Hajjej, G., Jarboui, O., & Bouain, A. (2016). Morphometric and meristic characters of blue runner Caranx crysos and false scad Caranx rhonchus (Pisces: Carangidae) from the Gulf of Gabes, Tunisia, Eastern Mediterranean. Cahiers de Biologie Marine, 57, 309-316.
  • Sparre, P., Ursin, E., & Venema, S.C. (1989). Introduction to tropical fish stock assessment, Part 1, Manual, FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper, No:306.1 Roma, Fao, 337 p.
  • Tilves, U., Sabatés, A., Blázquez, M., Raya, V., & Fuentes, V.L. (2018). Associations between fish and jellyfish in the NW Mediterranean. Marine Biology, 165(8), 1-14. DOI: 10.1007/s00227-018-3381-4
  • Torres, M.A., Ramos, F., & Sobrino, I. (2012). Length-weight relationships of 76 fish species from the Gulf of Cadiz (SW Spain). Fisheries Research, 127-128, 171-175. DOI: 10.1016/j.fishres.2012.02.001

Details

Primary Language English
Subjects Fisheries Management
Journal Section Articles
Authors

Burak ALTAY 0000-0003-0410-896X

Dilek İLHAN 0000-0003-1228-105X

Project Number 18-SÜF-010
Publication Date June 15, 2022
Submission Date January 12, 2022
Published in Issue Year 2022Volume: 39 Issue: 2

Cite

APA ALTAY, B., & İLHAN, D. (2022). Age, growth, and maturity of false scad Caranx rhonchus in the Central Aegean Sea (Teleostei: Carangidae). Ege Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 39(2), 104-110. https://doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.39.2.03