Yıl 2018, Cilt 35, Sayı 4, Sayfalar 407 - 416 2018-12-15

Survival rate and restricted growth of marbled crab (Pachygrapsus marmoratus) in different salinity levels
Mermer yengecinin (Pachygrapsus marmoratus) farklı tuzluluk seviyelerinde yaşama oranı ve sınırlı büyümesi

Onur Karadal [1]

49 51

The semi-terrestrial marbled crab (Pachygrapsus marmoratus Fabricius, 1787) is one of the most common species in the intertidal belt of rocky shores of the Mediterranean Sea. This study aimed to understand survival and restricted growth of marbled crab in different salinity levels (0, 5, 15, 25, 35‰) and dry area (D). Crabs were collected from rocky shores by hand in İzmir in January 2018. Specimens (initial mean weights of 0.82±0.01 g and n=180) were randomly distributed to 10-L aquariums with three replicates and they were not fed during the experiment. Results indicated that the survival times of crabs showed significant differences in salinity levels (P<0.001). All the individuals in the dry area and 0‰ salinity level died within the first 2 months. For the other salinity levels, all specific growth rate values decreased at minus on 84th day. Forty percent of crabs in aquariums that represented 15‰ salinity level were survived until the 126th day and the experiment was ended in the 140th day when the mortality of the last crab (0.73 g) occurred. In conclusion, the optimal salinity level for the survival and restricted growth of P. marmoratus was determined as 15‰ and 25‰, respectively. Future surveys would need to investigate the effects of different food types on survival and growth of this potential ornamental crab species of marine aquariums.

Yarı karasal bir tür olan mermer yengeci (Pachygrapsus marmoratus Fabricius, 1787), Akdeniz’in kayalık kıyılarında bulunan gelgit zonundaki en yaygın türlerden biridir. Bu çalışma, mermer yengecinin farklı tuzluluk seviyelerinde (‰0, 5, 15, 25, 35) ve kuru ortamda (K) hayatta kalmasının ve sınırlı büyümesinin anlaşılmasını amaçlamıştır. Yengeçler, Ocak 2018’de İzmir’deki kayalık kıyılardan el ile toplanmıştır. Bireyler (ilk ortalama ağırlık 0.82±0.01 g ve n=180), üç replikat olmak üzere 10-L akvaryumlara rastgele dağıtılmış ve deney sırasında beslenmemişlerdir. Bulgular, yengeçlerin hayatta kalma sürelerinin tuzluluk seviyelerine göre anlamlı farklılık gösterdiğini belirtmiştir (P<0,001). Kuru ortamda ve ‰ 0 tuzluluk seviyesindeki tüm bireyler ilk 2 ay içinde ölmüştür. Diğer tuzluluk seviyeleri için, tüm spesifik büyüme oranları, 84. günde eksiye düşmüştür. Akvaryumlarda ‰15 tuzluluk seviyesindeki yengeçlerin yüzde kırkı 126. güne kadar hayatta kalmış olup, çalışma son yengeç (0,73 g) ölümünün meydana geldiği 140. günde sona ermiştir. Sonuç olarak, P. marmoratus’un hayatta kalma ve kısıtlı büyümesi için optimal tuzluluk düzeyi sırasıyla ‰15 ve ‰25 olarak belirlenmiştir. Gelecek çalışmalar, deniz akvaryumlarının bu potansiyel süs yengecinde hayatta kalma ve büyüme üzerine farklı besin türlerinin etkilerini araştırmalıdır.

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Orcid: 0000-0002-6241-5039
Yazar: Onur Karadal (Sorumlu Yazar)
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { egejfas427666, journal = {Su Ürünleri Dergisi}, issn = {1300-1590}, eissn = {2148-3140}, address = {Ege Üniversitesi}, year = {2018}, volume = {35}, pages = {407 - 416}, doi = {10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.4.06}, title = {Survival rate and restricted growth of marbled crab (Pachygrapsus marmoratus) in different salinity levels}, key = {cite}, author = {Karadal, Onur} }
APA Karadal, O . (2018). Survival rate and restricted growth of marbled crab (Pachygrapsus marmoratus) in different salinity levels. Su Ürünleri Dergisi, 35 (4), 407-416. DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.4.06
MLA Karadal, O . "Survival rate and restricted growth of marbled crab (Pachygrapsus marmoratus) in different salinity levels". Su Ürünleri Dergisi 35 (2018): 407-416 <http://www.egejfas.org/issue/37248/427666>
Chicago Karadal, O . "Survival rate and restricted growth of marbled crab (Pachygrapsus marmoratus) in different salinity levels". Su Ürünleri Dergisi 35 (2018): 407-416
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - Survival rate and restricted growth of marbled crab (Pachygrapsus marmoratus) in different salinity levels AU - Onur Karadal Y1 - 2018 PY - 2018 N1 - doi: 10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.4.06 DO - 10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.4.06 T2 - Su Ürünleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 407 EP - 416 VL - 35 IS - 4 SN - 1300-1590-2148-3140 M3 - doi: 10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.4.06 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.4.06 Y2 - 2018 ER -
EndNote %0 Su Ürünleri Dergisi Survival rate and restricted growth of marbled crab (Pachygrapsus marmoratus) in different salinity levels %A Onur Karadal %T Survival rate and restricted growth of marbled crab (Pachygrapsus marmoratus) in different salinity levels %D 2018 %J Su Ürünleri Dergisi %P 1300-1590-2148-3140 %V 35 %N 4 %R doi: 10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.4.06 %U 10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.4.06
ISNAD Karadal, Onur . "Mermer yengecinin (Pachygrapsus marmoratus) farklı tuzluluk seviyelerinde yaşama oranı ve sınırlı büyümesi". Su Ürünleri Dergisi 35 / 4 (Aralık 2018): 407-416. http://dx.doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2018.35.4.06