Yıl 2017, Cilt 34, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 179 - 185 2017-06-12

The effects of Brazilian tea (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis) and Bitter kola (Garcinia kola) seed meal on the growth and gonad development of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822)

Sunday Ben Ekanem [1] , Victor Oscar Eyo [2] , Esther Emmanuel Okon [3]

314 425

A 90-day study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of Stachytarpheta jamaicensis and Garcinia kola seed meal on the growth and gonad development of the African catfish, Clarias gariepinus. Ninety (90) fingerlings were stocked in nine rectangular concrete tanks (10 each) labeled Al, A2, A3, Bl, B2, B3, C1, C2 and C3 with a total water volume of 887.04 m3.Three isonitrogenous diets (A, B, and C) with 40% crude protein including the control diet containing 0g of S. jamaicensis and 0g of G. kola meal, 70 of S. jamaicensis leaf meal and 35g of G. kolameal + 35g of S. jamaicensisleaf meal in the feed were fed to the fish at 5% body weight. Fish in A-series tanks were fed diet A, fish in B-series tanks were fed diet B while fish in C-series tanks were fed diet C. Weight gain, length gain, SGR, GR, and FCR were better in fish fed the diet A but not significantly different (P>0.05) from fish fed diet B and diet C. Female GSI,  male and female gonad weight were better in fish fed diet A but not significantly different (P>0.05) from fish fed diet B and diet C. However, male GSI (1.39 ± 0.01) of fish fed the diet A was significantly different (P<0.05) from male fish fed diet B (0.94 ± 0.15) and diet C (0.95 ± 0.05). Fecundity of fish fed diet A (11,834 ± 1644eggs) was significantly different (P<0.05) from fish fed diet B (6375 ± 995eggs) and diet C (10,236 ± 896eggs). Histology of ovaries and testes of fish fed the three experimental diets showed normal distribution of oocytes and testicular cells. Our findings imply that the combination of G. kola seed meal and S.jamaicensis leaf meal in feed negatively affects the growth, fecundity, and gonad development of C.gariepinus which can be detrimental to aquaculture production.

Stachytarphetajamaicensis, Garcinia kola, growth, gonad development, fecundity, Clariasgariepinus
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Konular Fen
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Sunday Ben Ekanem
Ülke: Nigeria


Yazar: Victor Oscar Eyo
Ülke: Nigeria


Yazar: Esther Emmanuel Okon

Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { egejfas321078, journal = {Su Ürünleri Dergisi}, issn = {1300-1590}, eissn = {2148-3140}, address = {Ege Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {34}, pages = {179 - 185}, doi = {10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.09}, title = {The effects of Brazilian tea (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis) and Bitter kola (Garcinia kola) seed meal on the growth and gonad development of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822)}, key = {cite}, author = {Eyo, Victor Oscar and Ekanem, Sunday Ben and Okon, Esther Emmanuel} }
APA Ekanem, S , Eyo, V , Okon, E . (2017). The effects of Brazilian tea (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis) and Bitter kola (Garcinia kola) seed meal on the growth and gonad development of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822). Su Ürünleri Dergisi, 34 (2), 179-185. DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.09
MLA Ekanem, S , Eyo, V , Okon, E . "The effects of Brazilian tea (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis) and Bitter kola (Garcinia kola) seed meal on the growth and gonad development of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822)". Su Ürünleri Dergisi 34 (2017): 179-185 <http://www.egejfas.org/issue/29801/321078>
Chicago Ekanem, S , Eyo, V , Okon, E . "The effects of Brazilian tea (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis) and Bitter kola (Garcinia kola) seed meal on the growth and gonad development of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822)". Su Ürünleri Dergisi 34 (2017): 179-185
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The effects of Brazilian tea (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis) and Bitter kola (Garcinia kola) seed meal on the growth and gonad development of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) AU - Sunday Ben Ekanem , Victor Oscar Eyo , Esther Emmanuel Okon Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.09 DO - 10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.09 T2 - Su Ürünleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 179 EP - 185 VL - 34 IS - 2 SN - 1300-1590-2148-3140 M3 - doi: 10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.09 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.09 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Su Ürünleri Dergisi The effects of Brazilian tea (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis) and Bitter kola (Garcinia kola) seed meal on the growth and gonad development of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) %A Sunday Ben Ekanem , Victor Oscar Eyo , Esther Emmanuel Okon %T The effects of Brazilian tea (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis) and Bitter kola (Garcinia kola) seed meal on the growth and gonad development of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) %D 2017 %J Su Ürünleri Dergisi %P 1300-1590-2148-3140 %V 34 %N 2 %R doi: 10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.09 %U 10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.09
ISNAD Ekanem, Sunday Ben , Eyo, Victor Oscar , Okon, Esther Emmanuel . "The effects of Brazilian tea (Stachytarpheta jamaicensis) and Bitter kola (Garcinia kola) seed meal on the growth and gonad development of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822)". Su Ürünleri Dergisi 34 / 2 (Haziran 2017): 179-185. http://dx.doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.09