Yıl 2017, Cilt 34, Sayı 2, Sayfalar 119 - 127 2017-06-12

Benekli balon balığının küçük ölçekli balıkçılar üzerindeki sosyo-ekonomik etkisi: Türk kıyılarından karşılaştırmalı bir çalışma
The socio-economic impacts of the silver-cheeked toadfish on small-scale fishers: A comparative study from the Turkish coast

Vahdet Ünal [1] , Huriye Göncüoğlu Bodur [2]

637 567

Akdeniz’in sorunlu 100 işgalci türü arasında gösterilen Benekli balon balığı (Lagocephalus sceleratus) (Gmelin, 1789), Türkiye denizlerinde ilk defa 2013 yılında görülmüş ve o tarihten bugüne kadar ekosistemi olumsuz yönde etkileyerek tüm küçük ölçekli balıkçılar için büyük bir sorun haline gelmiştir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Akdeniz ve Ege’nin Türkiye kıyılarındaki küçük ölçekli balıkçılar tarafından karşılaşılan benekli balon balığının sosyo-ekonomik etkilerini belirlemektir. Araştırma, 1 Ocak 2013 – 1 Ocak 2014 tarihleri arasında, Orta Ege’de İzmir-Çeşme’den Suriye sınırında Hatay-Samandağ arasında kalan 7 adet kıyı kentinde 215 balıkçı ile yapılan yüz yüze görüşmelerden toplanan verilere dayanmaktadır. Çalışmada elde edilen veriler, daha önce de aynı araştırmacılar tarafından 2011-2012 yılları arasında aynı bölgelerde gerçekeştirilmiş olan tek çalışma ile karşılaştırılarak iki yıl içinde meydana gelen değişiklikler ve oranları anlaşılmaya çalışılmıştır. Çalışmanın sonuçları, benekli balon balığının küçük ölçekli balıkçılığa zarar verdiğini ortaya koyan diğer araştırmalarla örtüşmektedir. Görüşülen balıkçıların tamamına yakını (%97) bu türün av araçlarına ve ağlara takılan balıklara zarar verdiğini belirtmiştir. 2013-2014 arasında benekli balon balığının sebep olduğu kayıpların, 2011-2012 dönemindekine oranla iki kattan daha fazla oranda artmış olduğu tespit edilmiştir. Çalışmada ortaya konan sonuçlar sayesinde karar vericiler arasında farkındalığın artması umulmaktadır. Buna bağlı olarak, benekli balon balığının olumsuz etkilerinin azaltılması ya da ortadan kaldırılması yönünde politikaların geliştirilmesi ve önlemlerin alınması yönünde bir ihtiyaç olduğu açıkça belirlenmiştir. Eldeki en doğru bilimsel veriler ışığında, balıkçıları destekleyecek acil kararların alınması (örn. prim sistemi, yılın belirli zamanlarında avlanmasına izin verilmesi) gerekmektedir. Benekli balon balığı, diğer türler, ekosistem ve bu türün sosyo-ekonomik etkileri arasındaki ilişki ve etkileşimin izlenmesi konusunda daha fazla çalışma yapılmasının gerekli olduğu düşünülmektedir.

The silver-cheeked toadfish, Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin, 1789), which is enlisted as one of the problematic 100 invasive species in the Mediterranean, entered the Turkish waters in 2003 and since then it has negatively affected the ecosystem and became a major concern for the small-scale fishers. The aim of the present study is to assess the socio-economic impacts of silver-cheeked toadfish on small-scale fishers operating along the Turkish-Mediterranean and the Aegean coast. The research is based on a dataset collected between January 1st, 2013 and January 1st, 2014 using face-to-face interviews with 215 fishers from 7 coastal cities from İzmir-Çesme in the Middle Aegean region to Hatay-Samandağ in the Syrian border.The data obtained in the present study were compared to the data of the only existing previous study carried out by the same researchers in the same coastal cities between  2011-2012 in order to understand the proportion and the direction of the change after two years. The results of this study support other literature, which indicates that silver-cheeked toadfish damage small-scale fisheries. Almost all of the fishers (97%) stated that this species damages their fishing gears and the fish entangled to these fishing gears. The loss caused by silver-cheeked toadfish in 2013-2014 increased by more than double compared to the 2011-2012 period, and in this regard, we hope that such results increase awareness amongst decision-makers. Consequently, there is a definite need for policies and measures (e.g. bounty system, permission of fishing in certain time of the year) to reduce or eliminate the negative effects of the silver-cheeked toadfish on fishers. Imminent decisions to support fishers should be taken based on best available scientific data. We think that further studies should be implemented to monitor the association and interaction between silver-toad fish, other species, the ecosystem, and the socio-economic impact of the pufferfish.

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Konular Fen
Dergi Bölümü Makaleler
Yazarlar

Yazar: Vahdet Ünal
Kurum: EGE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Orcid: orcid.org/0000-0001-7068-037X
Yazar: Huriye Göncüoğlu Bodur
Kurum: EGE ÜNİVERSİTESİ, SU ÜRÜNLERİ FAKÜLTESİ
Ülke: Turkey


Bibtex @araştırma makalesi { egejfas320507, journal = {Su Ürünleri Dergisi}, issn = {1300-1590}, eissn = {2148-3140}, address = {Ege Üniversitesi}, year = {2017}, volume = {34}, pages = {119 - 127}, doi = {10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.01}, title = {The socio-economic impacts of the silver-cheeked toadfish on small-scale fishers: A comparative study from the Turkish coast}, key = {cite}, author = {Ünal, Vahdet and Göncüoğlu Bodur, Huriye} }
APA Ünal, V , Göncüoğlu Bodur, H . (2017). The socio-economic impacts of the silver-cheeked toadfish on small-scale fishers: A comparative study from the Turkish coast. Su Ürünleri Dergisi, 34 (2), 119-127. DOI: 10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.01
MLA Ünal, V , Göncüoğlu Bodur, H . "The socio-economic impacts of the silver-cheeked toadfish on small-scale fishers: A comparative study from the Turkish coast". Su Ürünleri Dergisi 34 (2017): 119-127 <http://www.egejfas.org/issue/29801/320507>
Chicago Ünal, V , Göncüoğlu Bodur, H . "The socio-economic impacts of the silver-cheeked toadfish on small-scale fishers: A comparative study from the Turkish coast". Su Ürünleri Dergisi 34 (2017): 119-127
RIS TY - JOUR T1 - The socio-economic impacts of the silver-cheeked toadfish on small-scale fishers: A comparative study from the Turkish coast AU - Vahdet Ünal , Huriye Göncüoğlu Bodur Y1 - 2017 PY - 2017 N1 - doi: 10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.01 DO - 10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.01 T2 - Su Ürünleri Dergisi JF - Journal JO - JOR SP - 119 EP - 127 VL - 34 IS - 2 SN - 1300-1590-2148-3140 M3 - doi: 10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.01 UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.01 Y2 - 2017 ER -
EndNote %0 Su Ürünleri Dergisi The socio-economic impacts of the silver-cheeked toadfish on small-scale fishers: A comparative study from the Turkish coast %A Vahdet Ünal , Huriye Göncüoğlu Bodur %T The socio-economic impacts of the silver-cheeked toadfish on small-scale fishers: A comparative study from the Turkish coast %D 2017 %J Su Ürünleri Dergisi %P 1300-1590-2148-3140 %V 34 %N 2 %R doi: 10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.01 %U 10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.01
ISNAD Ünal, Vahdet , Göncüoğlu Bodur, Huriye . "Benekli balon balığının küçük ölçekli balıkçılar üzerindeki sosyo-ekonomik etkisi: Türk kıyılarından karşılaştırmalı bir çalışma". Su Ürünleri Dergisi 34 / 2 (Haziran 2017): 119-127. http://dx.doi.org/10.12714/egejfas.2017.34.2.01